With populations and economies surging, an industrial revolution is expected on the continent of Africa. The question is: what will fuel it? With renewable power more efficient and more affordable than before, nations in Africa have the unique chance to harness plentiful renewable sources such as solar, wind, and geothermal to leapfrog the reliance on fossil fuels that has polluted the environment and air in the US, Europe, China, and India.
New study from the University of Leicester and Harvard University discovers that if Africa selects a future fueled by fossil fuels, almost 50,000 individuals can die impulsively every year from emissions of fossil fuel by end of 2030, mostly in Nigeria, South Africa, and Malawi. The study is posted in Environmental Science and Technology.
“Our work displays the substantial health advantage of jumping to clean power sources in Africa, which we expect can assist incentivize the changeover towards renewable power over fossil fuels,” claimed Eloise Marais, senior author of the paper, to the media in an interview.
The scientists aimed on air pollution from transportation and power plants, as many African nations are presently operating to elevate vehicle infrastructure and power plants powered by fossil fuel. South Africa, for instance, is commissioning the biggest coal-fired dry-cooled power plant in the globe. Ghana, Namibia, and Mozambique are all turning to powerships—offshore power plants—that operate on the dirty remains from refining of crude oil.
The scientists measured emissions from all the present power plants on the continent along with the planned emissions of all power plants scheduled as of 2017. They measured vehicle emissions on the basis of elevations in population that they displayed is tied strongly to vehicle employment. They then connected all the info into the global transport model GEOS-Chem, the open source pollution model designed and sheltered at Harvard.
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